The Original AmQuel Product For Chlorine, Chloramine, And Ammonia Detoxifier
- A True One-step Liquid Chlorine, Chloramine, And Ammonia Remover
- Nontoxic To Fishes, Aquatic invertebrates, And Other Aquatic Life
- Fast Acting Within Five Minutes, Simple To Use
- Effective In Removing Toxic Pheromones
- Made in U.S.A.
To avoid confusion it should be recognized that there are two products with the Amquel name - the original Kordon AmQuel and the recently much improved product Kordon AmQuel Plus. AmQuel Plus does all that AmQuel does and a significant number of additional tasks as well.
So why does Kordon continue producing regular Amquel, if AmQuel Plus is supposed to be so much better? There are those loyal to the original product, and they are used to what it accomplishes.
Kordon AmQuel, developed over 20 years ago, is the original product that established the state-of-the-art in water conditioning technology regarding ammonia removal. AmQuel quickly and effectively removes/detoxifies ammonia, chlorine and chloramines (three of the most toxic chemicals commonly found in tap water from public utilities) from fresh and salt water. AmQuel is the first to be a true one-step liquid ammonia and chloramine remover that is simple to use.
AmQuel is completely unlike those dechlorinators that claim to "remove" chloramines. Those products only break the chlorine-ammonia bond of chloramines by simple dechlorination, leaving the toxic ammonia in the water. Using those other products, the resulting ammonia must be removed by bacterial action which can take days or weeks, or by adsorption on granular or powdered zeolites (clinoptilolites). In addition, AmQuel functions as well in salt water as it does in fresh water; whereas zeolites do not remove ammonia in salt water.
AmQuel was the first product developed that removes toxic pheromones released by the fish in the water. Also this is done by AmQuel Plus. This is of considerable aid to the aquarist, because pheromones in the water build up in the water and can be harmful to fishes.
Contains sodium hydroxymethanesulfonate.
Item No. 31241 AmQuel® - 1 ounce (29mL) bottle - treats 60 gallons
Item No. 31244 AmQuel® - 4 ounce (118mL) bottle - treats 240 gallons
Item No. 31248 AmQuel® - 8 ounce (236mL) bottle - treats 480 gallons
Item No. 31256 AmQuel® - 16 ounce (473mL) bottle - treats 960 gallons
Item No. 31261 AmQuel® - 1 gallon (3.78L) bottle - treats 7,693 gallons
Item No. 31275 AmQuel® - 5 gallon (18.9L) bottle - treats 38,468 gallons
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AmQuel is harmless to plants, fishes and invertebrates. This product is safe for use in aquariums and ponds and will not interfere with normal biological filtration. AmQuel is compatible with NovAqua and PolyAqua. Use caution when adding liquid AmQuel to water that has a poor buffer reserve (as indicated by problems maintaining a stable pH). Using AmQuel in these conditions can cause a sudden lowering of pH. To prevent a pH drop, use either Kordon's AmQuel Plus Buffers (which is regular AmQuel with buffers added to stabilize the pH from fluctuating), or AmQuel Plus.(which does not change the pH of the water). AmQuel may affect the dyes in certain types of cotton fabrics. This happens for the same reason that Ammonia test kits using the Nessler reagents do not work with AmQuel or AmQuel Plus. These products reduce the coloring agents used in the Nessler reaction test kits, and apparently in a very small selection of cotton based fabrics.
Contraindications & Toxicity
AmQuel should not be added to water containing active, therapeutic dosages of chemical dyes such as methylene blue, acriflavine, potassium permanganate or malachite green, since AmQuel will interfere with their proper performance. Combining AmQuel with these dyes will not result in toxic chemical by-products. AmQuel is compatible to use with all water quality test kits except for the ammonia test kit that uses Nessler reagents that read in shades of amber or yellow, and the oxygen kit that uses Winkler reagents. Residual AmQuel and its reaction products are incompatible with the Nessler and Winkler-type test reagents, resulting in false, high ammonia and low oxygen concentration readings. All other types of test kits produce accurate test results, such as ammonia test kits using salicylate-type reagents. Kordon's AquaTru Test Kit #35970 for salt water and #35980 for fresh water and the Kordon Master Test Kits are recommended for accurate test results. AmQuel will temporarily (for approximately 12 hours) lower redox.
AmQuel is non-toxic when used as directed. Over the past twenty years thousands of species of freshwater and marine fishes, invertebrates and plants have been exposed to AmQuel with no toxic effects. It does not reach toxic levels even in cases of accidental or purposeful overdosing. The only concern is in the situations where AmQuel lowers the pH (acidity) in the water. AmQuel is non-toxic to humans and no special precautions are necessary in handling this product.
Directions for Use
As a general rule, when using tap water in which chlorine and chloramines are present, but not nitrites, nitrates or other organics -- then it is safe to use the less expensive AmQuel. If there is the possibility of nitrites, nitrates and other organics being involved, then AmQuel Plus is recommended.
AQUARIUMS AND PONDS When using AmQuel with tap water, add AmQuel to water at the recommended dosage to remove ammonia, chlorine and chloramines. To fully condition tap water, add Kordon's NovAqua Plus as well. Use AmQuel or AmQuel Plus and NovAqua Plus each time a water change is made. If the tap water contains both ammonia and nitrite (this is becoming more common in public water supplies) then AmQuel Plus should be used instead of AmQuel. Also see AmQuel Plus as to when it should be used.
FISH AND INVERTEBRATE SHIPPING AND HOLDING AmQuel or AmQuel Plus and NovAqua or NovAqua Plus should be added to tap water used for shipping fish and invertebrates. NovAqua and AmQuel, when used together, will reduce stress, osmotic and pH shock, probability of infection, and neutralize ammonia, chloramines, chlorine and heavy metals. AmQuel Plus and NovAqua Plus is the more effective combination for these purposes. If the fish are crowded or prone to bump into or abrade each other, Kordon's Fish Protector formerly PolyAqua should be added to both the shipping water and the aquarium or holding tank after shipments are received. Fish Protector formerly PolyAqua should be used to handle abrasions, bruises, and frayed fins of fishes.
FISH AND INVERTEBRATE FIELD COLLECTIONS
When using water from natural conditions for field collecting the use of AmQuel or AmQuel Plus in holding and shipping water will reduce stress in fishes and invertebrates due to ammonia intoxication. If fish will be held for days in containers, AmQuel Plus should be used, because it will remove (detoxify) nitrites and nitrates as well. In addition, Fish Protector formerly PolyAqua should be used in holding and shipping water for optimum protection against abrasions, bruises, and frayed fins in fishes.
AmQuel is stable indefinitely when stored in a cool, dark area away from heat and direct sunlight. AmQuel should be kept tightly closed when not in use.
The "Standard Dose" of AmQuel is one teaspoon (5 ml) per 10 gallons of fresh or salt water, or one liquid ounce (30 ml) per 60 gallons of water, or one cup (8 liquid ounces - 20 ml) per 480 gallons of water. For other measurements estimate the amounts needed, such as 2 drops per gallon or 1/4 teaspoon for 2.5 gallons of water, or 3 teaspoons for 30 gallons, etc.
To remove chlorine and chloramines (chlorine combined with ammonia) out of the tap from public water supplies add one Standard Dose (see definition above) to the water to break the bond between the chlorine and ammonia, and to remove all the chlorine, and ammonia that may be in most public water supplies. This will remove up to 3 mg/L chloramines (as monochloramine, NH2Cl). No greater dose is needed for removing most chloramines or all chlorine from public water supplies. For those water supplies with higher amounts of ammonia, use two doses to detoxify/remove all ammonia present.
To remove toxic ammonia compounds that build up in aquariums and ponds from the excretion of body wastes by fishes, invertebrates, bacteria, and other aquatic organisms start with a Standard Dose (see definition above). This Standard Dose not only removes the chlorine and chloramines described above, but will also remove (detoxify) at the same time 1.0 mg/L (= approx. 1.0 ppm) of all ammonia compounds in fresh or salt water. Use multiple doses to remove more than 1.0 mg/L ammonia from the water.
It is suggested that for tap water where high amounts of chloramines are used by public water utilities the ammonia concentration of the water be tested prior to the addition of AmQuel to determine how much AmQuel is needed. It usually will be the need of a double dose. Also see Contraindications for when there may be problems in the use of AmQuel. The pH of the water being treated affects the speed at which AmQuel removes ammonia. The lower the pH, the slower AmQuel works. At a pH of 7.0 (neutral) AmQuel will remove the ammonia in less than 5 minutes. Several minutes more are needed at higher pHs.
To detoxify nitrite, nitrate and other organic compounds that build up in aquariums and ponds from the excretion of body wastes by fishes, invertebrates, bacteria, and other aquatic organisms use Kordon's AmQuel Plus.